Medical studies related to air are difficult. As with other variables, you cannot control the weather, so it is difficult to try to create consistent controlled studies. At the same time, it is difficult to give precise information about which aspect of the air can cause pain. These limitations mean that the decision on airborne joint pain is not yet clear. However, there are many medical theories as to why this can happen.
Problematic weather conditions for joint pain
Cold, rainy or humid weather can trigger your joint pain.
Low barometric pressure: This is the air pressure or the weight of the air above us. Theories show that low barometric pressure can affect joints.
Low temperatures: Cold weather can often trigger joint pain. Changes in temperature can affect the fluid, especially in the joints.
High humidity / precipitation: Moisture and precipitation, especially rain, are widely accepted as triggering joint pain.
Barometric pressure theory
Scientists believe that your joint fluids are sensitive to changes in barometric pressure. When the barometric pressure changes, your tendons, muscles, and tissues expand or contract, causing pain. When barometric pressure is low, joint fluids are thought to be under less pressure, thereby swelling inflammation. With inflammation of the fluids, the muscles are also affected later. Since low barometric pressure usually occurs before the storm, most patients think that joint pain is tagged from the weather.
Patients also reported having joint pain at lower temperatures. Again, the key here are joint fluids. Researchers think that at low temperatures, joint fluids become more dense. This causes your joints to be stiffer and less flexible than normal. In particular, sudden low temperatures can cause this stagnant joint feeling.
Humidity / precipitation theory
Moisture and precipitation are another common theory of joint pain. Since precipitation often involves low barometric pressure, it is difficult to separate conditions.
Blood flow theory
Some research shows that in cold weather, the body tries to maintain heat using the most critical organs, such as the heart and lungs. This results in more limited blood flow to other parts of the body, especially the end points that can affect the joints in the legs, knees and hands.
The most common theory is that in bad weather, such as rainy or cold weather, people mostly stay in closed areas and are not active. This immobility causes the joints to be stiff and painful because they do not move.
How to relieve airborne joint pain
While there is a lot to study about joint pain caused by the weather, the truth is that people continue to associate cold and rainy days with pain. This effect is real in patients with arthritis, so it is important to know how to reduce joint pain in the air and how to get comfortable on such days.
Some preventive strategies to relieve pain:
Staying warm: You can speed up blood flow by keeping your body warm and comfortable. Be sure to wear socks and gloves when going out. Consider taking a warm bath or using a hot water bottle at night.
Stay active: Even on rainy days, try to find a way to move your joints and prevent them from stiffening or stretching. You can do stretching movements or yoga at home.
Have a good rest: Make sure you sleep well at night. Limit screen time and listen to relaxing music. Rest to avoid joint pain.
An anti-inflammatory diet: Your diet can severely affect your joints. Take care of your diet to avoid joint pain caused by air. Cut processed foods and eat fresh fruits, vegetables, fish, whole grains, and olive oil.